Fibromyalgia is a type of pain disorder that causes widespread body pain occurs with fatigue, sleep, and mood issues. The symptoms of fibromyalgia are very much similar to autoimmune disorders, arthritis, which causes excessive joint pain but, fibromyalgia is not an autoimmune disorder. According to experts, Fibromyalgia does not cause joint inflammation it only made pain receptors more sensitive. Therefore, it amplifies painful sensations by altering the brain and spinal cord. It increases the feeling of pain in the body. Women are more vulnerable to fibromyalgia than men. fibromyalgia peaks in women before or during their periods. female hormones play a major role in the severity of the disorder.
Fibromyalgia is an incurable disorder. It can’t be treated completely. There are many medications that help to control symptoms or pain. Exercise daily, get a healthy lifestyle also helps in controlling fibromyalgia.
Widespread pain, fatigue is the major symptoms of fibromyalgia. Some other common symptoms are
- widespread pain
- Joint inflammation
- Cognitive difficulties
- Muscle stiffness
- Mood issues
- Irritable bowel syndrome
Some other problems can also occur, such as
- Vision difficulties
- Skin problems
- Breathing problems
There are no specific causes of fibromyalgia. The expert said that change in nerve stimulation causes the central nervous system of people with fibromyalgia to change. It leads to an increase in some chemical or pain receptors in the brain. The pain receptors become more sensitive to pain and overreact when it binds with pain signals.
Major factors that lead to fibromyalgia are:
- Genetics- Some experts said that fibromyalgia is type of genetic disorder which passes from generation to generation.
- Environment- Environmental condition also alter the activity of brain. high stress or some infection may trigger fibromyalgia in people have genes which make them more likely to get the disorder.
- Infections- Some infections trigger fibromyalgia.
- Unhealthy lifestyle
- Physical or emotional incidence
We recommend you consult your doctor if you have any symptoms or signs of fibromyalgia. The doctor will help you in controlling the symptom and reducing the pain.
The factor which is used in the diagnosis of fibromyalgia is widespread pain in your body for a minimum of three months.
There are some steps to prevent fibromyalgia:-
- Exercise daily
- Keep your immunity healthy
- Get healthy lifestyle
- Don’t smoke
- Get sufficient rest
- Avoid alcohol
Fibromyalgia can’t be completely treated, it requires lifelong treatment. Treatment with medications and psychosocial therapy will help to control the pain. But if it doesn’t get early treatment then hospitalization may be required.