What Are Hemorrhoids?
A hemorrhoid is a condition in which veins of the lowest part of your rectum and anus get swollen. During excessive movement of this part or when you poop, the walls of these blood vessels get stretched and become so thin veins bulge and get irritated. Hemorrhoids are also called piles.
Hemorrhoids are of two types internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids when hemorrhoids get develop inside the rectum and external when they develop under the skin around the anus.
The most common cause of rectal bleeding is hemorrhoids. Sometimes, it goes on their own. Treatments can also help. Most people treat it by using home remedies.
Type of hemorrhoids
- Internal hemorrhoids
- External hemorrhoids
There are different symptoms for different hemorrhoids. Symptoms for external hemorrhoids:-
Hemorrhoids under your anus skin. Symptoms are
- Bleeding while pooping
- Irritation and itiching in anal region
- Pain while sitting for long time
- Swelling around your anus
Internal hemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. It can’t be seen they only cause straining or irritation :
- Bleeding during bowel movements. You will get few blood in your poop.
- Pain while pooping
- Unable to sit comfortably
When blood gets coagulated and forms a clot in a hemorrhoid. It will cause
- Severe pain
Cause of hemorrhoid:-
- Improper balance diet which has Low- fiber will cause a person to strain during bowel movement, increasing the pressure within the blood vessels.
- Pregnancy is also responsible for hemorrhoid because In pregnancy of the enlarged uterus apply excessive pressure on the rectum and anus. Along with this hormonal change during pregnancy weaken the muscles that provide support to rectum and anus.
- Sitting for long time in the toilet increase pressure in lower blood vessels.
- Cancer in colon
- Surgery near lower part
- Frequently anal intercourse
- Having low-fiber diet
- Regular heavy lifting
Complications of hemorrhoids are rare but sometimes it happens
- Anemia. Excessive Blood loss in stool due to hemorrhoids can cause anemia.
- Strangulated hemorrhoid. When the blood can’t reach to internal hemorrhoid due to cut off the blood network.
- Blood clot. Blood get coagulate and form clot in external hemorrhoid.
You can prevent hemorrhoids by following the given instructions:-
Get a high fiber diet- Having high fiber in your diet will make your stool soft. So, it can be removed easily. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Get high fibre diet- Having high fibre in your diet will make your stool soft. So, it can be removed easily. Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
- Take plenty of fluids. Dring sufficient water around 5-6l/ day along with juices to keep your body hydrated from inside.
- Fibre supplements. Take high fibre supplements minimum 20 to 30 grams fibres per day. Drugs such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel), improve hemorrhoids and also stob bleeding.
- Do exercise daily. Exercise your lower abdominal part daily and stay active to reduce presson viens.
- Don’t bring smartphone in toilet- Avoid siting for long time in toilet Sitting too long, particularly on the toilet, can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus.